Strength of European Timber Part 2. This report Spruce-pine-fir, or SPF, is the generic name for a range of timbers originating from North America. Pine is weaker than spruce, but it contains high amount of resins which ensure durability of created products. White Pine. Our industrial and retail customers are served with constant supply as well as professional processing. Spruce wood is used for many purposes, ranging from general construction work and crates to highly specialised uses in wooden aircraft. Southern yellow pine (SYP) consists of four major species: loblolly, slash, longleaf and shortleaf. The eight species marketed under this name are white spruce, black spruce, jack pine, balsam fir, lodgepole pine, Engelmann spruce, and red spruce. It has a good straight grain, can be easily stained, planes well, and is a great wood for hand hewing. Spruce is useful as a building wood, commonly referred to by several different names including North American timber, SPF (spruce, pine, fir) and whitewood (the collective name for spruce wood). Because it is less expensive than Douglas fir, it is often used for residential timber frames. Comparing two equal-sized boards of whitewood and pine will give you a good idea of which one is which. We offer first-class sawn timber in pine & spruce from Sweden, Finland and Russia. Pine is a very stable wood. Comments: Spruce Pine is one of the least common species of pine found in the southeastern United States, and is usually only found in scattered groups or as isolated trees within a mixed forest. Pine and spruce have soft timber. It’s also used for making plywood, wood pulp, and veneers. Common Uses: Southern Yellow Pine is used for heavy construction, such as: bridges, beams, poles, railroad ties, etc. They grow abundantly throughout the 13 southern states. It is similar in color to hemlock – a pale yellow with occasional reddish streaks. Properties of spruce and pine tested in Gradewood project Abstract More than 6 000 specimens of spruce and pine grown in several European countries were tested by destructive and non-destructive means in laboratory. There is a small density difference between whitewood vs. yellow pine. Pine tree needles grow in clusters of 2, 3 or 5 needles depending on if they are red, yellow or white pines and, the needles can grow very long (Think of a Scotch Pine at Christmas).. As you walk along the path, pick up a cone and take a look. Five strength grading machines were also used to test the material. Pine lumber is cheaper and more available than spruce lumber. If it has little three-pointed bract that protrude from each scale, it’s a female Douglas fir cone. It is amber to dark red colored and covered with yellowish-white lines. The easiest way to visualize this difference is with the Janka scale. Spruce … When it comes to whitewood vs. pine, whitewood is going to be the slightly lighter wood.