Angle it at about 45 degrees, with the lowest point of the cut opposite the bud and even with it — the highest point about 1/4 inch above the bud. bark ridge and angles down away from the stem of the tree, avoiding injury to the branch collar (Fig. The cut should be made at an angle… Each of the steps below can be applied to your specific pruning … Make the cut … less) parallel to the branch angle, along the stem of the tree. ... Anatomy of a fruit tree. A proper pruning cut does not damage either the branch bark ridge or the branch collar. A proper cut begins just outside the branch bark ridge and angles down away from the stem of the tree, avoiding injury to the branch collar (Fig. Make the cut … For smaller branches: While reducing and shaping the smaller branches and limbs, cut ¼ inch above the bud at a 45-degree angle. Proper pruning ensures a strong tree structure. Excessive leader growth which detracts from the desired symmetry of the tree can be remedied through pruning of the terminal leader or basal pruning. branch angle, along the stem of the tree. A proper cut begins just outside the branch . Crotch: The angle where … In terminal leader pruning, the leader is cut back to the desired length, usually 8 to 12 inches. If a strong primary branch is established while the tree is young, the need for corrective measures reduces with time. 6B). A proper pruning cut does not damage either the branch bark ridge or the branch collar. A tree’s response to a pruning cut depends on where on the branch the cut is made. Ideal Way to Prune a Tree. Both types of cuts are used in pruning fruit trees and grapes. 6B).