Pesticides.EPA enforces requirements under the Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) that govern the distribution, sale and use of pesticides. To minimise the negative effects of these hazards, it is very important that you implement the most effective controls first. Chemical Enforcement. Chemical hazards are those set of chemicals which have the potential to cause damage to humans or environment when release into the environment. Safety initiatives are hence introduced to limit hazard exposures and promote workplace safety. PAINTING Paints used in the home contain ­potentially harmful chemicals such as ­solvents and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Hazards of Paint Spraying and Related Coating Processes 5 2.3 Health hazards 2.3.1 Chemicals hazardous to healthenter human body via three main routes: (a) ingestion; (b) inhalation; and (c) skin absorption. OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) defines a hazardous chemical as ‘any chemical which can cause a physical or a health hazard.’ The hazardous chemicals in oil-based paint are found it additives, pigments, solvents, and resins. Paint Hazards Paint is a common product that can become household hazardous waste when it is not used up. Next Steps. Chemical hazards pose many risks upon people in the workplace. A skin forms over the paint surface, while the paint underneath continues to harden over time. If you throw oil-based paint in the trash, it could be a health hazard to humans, animals, and equipment. The following is a breakdown of the ingredients (paint chemicals) of each type and the nature of the ingredients that may pose potential health problems to the worker/applicator. Background The manufacture of paint involves a variety of processes that present with medical hazards. Used alone, oil paints don’t release any chemicals into the air as they dry. The Hazards of Paint. Some examples of PPE can include; chemical resistant glasses, face shields, chemical resistant gloves and respiratory equipment. In this fact sheet, paint refers to a wide range of coating materials that can be divided into two types; latex and oil based. But, if you’ve added solvents or mediums containing petroleum distillate to them during the painting process, their harmful contents will evaporate into your studio space. These chemicals can pose a serious health threat to humans and the environment. Water-Based Paints: These paints were developed over the last two (2) decades to reduce the solvent emissions from paint application. These mainly come from the hazardous constituents of the paint such as 2.3.2 Various health hazards are associated with paint spraying.