Some believe so. How to approach reading and writing philosophy, and why studying it? Some principles are specific to a branch. This is reflected, for instance, in the growing popularity of philosophical counseling, philosophical cafés, and in the success that philosophy majors seem to enjoy on the job market. At its core the study of metaphysics is the study of the nature of reality, of what exists in the world, what it is like, and how it is ordered. Do people have free wills? In struggling with this issue, larger questions about what is good and right arise. Questions or Comments, Privacy Policy Is the world strictly composed of matter? Philosophy is done primarily through reflection and does not tend to rely on experiment, although the methods used to study it may be analogous to those used in the study of the natural sciences. Tallahassee, FL 32306-1500, Phone: 850-644-1483 Others that are domain specific: philosophy of physics, philosophy of biology, philosophy of food, philosophy of culture, philosophy of education, philosophical anthropology, philosophy of art, philosophy of economics, legal philosophy, environmental philosophy, philosophy of technology. What makes a person the same through time? Is there a God? What Is the Common Good in Political Science? Logicians ask such questions as: The study of philosophy involves not only forming one’s own answers to such questions, but also seeking to understand the way in which people have answered such questions in the past. On the other hand, world view pertains … Engaging in philosophical thinking is, under this perspective, like putting in order your own room to receive a guest: anything should find a place and, possibly, a reason for being where it is. Definition and Examples, The 5 Great Schools of Ancient Greek Philosophy, Stoics and Moral Philosophy - The 8 Principles of Stoicism, B.A., Philosophy, University of Florence, Italy. Baruch Spinoza was an optician; Gottfried Leibniz worked – among other things – as a diplomatic; David Hume’s main employments were as a tutor and as a historian. Classic systematic philosophers – such as Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hegel – boldly affirmed that philosophy grounds all other sciences. Some that are more standard: political philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, philosophy of religion, philosophy of science. (Part of the answer is that you can have false beliefs, but you can only know things that are true. Several key figures in the history of philosophy did something else for a living. To these should be added an indefinite amount of branches. Typical questions of concern in epistemology are: The study of ethics often concerns what we ought to do and what it would be best to do. Philosophers have indeed provided systematic theories of history, justice, the State, the natural world, knowledge, love, friendship: you name it. The short answer. You are a philosopher when you can find a place to any fact, in heaven or earth. Philosophers have indeed provided systematic theories of history, justice, the State, the natural world, knowledge, love, friendship: you name it. 4. Philosophy has some core areas: metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, logic. 2. For example, Hegel’s theory of history was used to justify racist politics and nationalistic States; when Plato tried to apply the doctrines exposed in The Republic to the city of Syracuse, he faced sheer failure. But, certainly, one does not have to be a professor in order to be a philosopher. Can we be justified in claiming to know certain things? Thus, an exaggerated systematic approach to the theory of souls and angels led to ask questions such as: “How many angels can dance on the head of a pin?”. Karen Foulkekfoulke@fsu.edu850-644-0967, Program Associate Some take a different route. Nowadays, however, it may sound exaggerated to regard it as such. What creates a tide? What is truth? Philosophy is a way of thinking about certain subjects such as ethics, thought, existence, time, meaning and value. University. What is it for one event to cause another? You are a philosopher when you can find a place to any fact, in heaven or earth. Florida State What is the difference between a living and a non-living entity? So, what characterizes philosophical wonder? So, a significant part of philosophy is its history, a history of answers and arguments about these very questions. Philosophy deals with fundamental and general matters that we have to deal with life such as those that are connected with language, reality, knowledge, etc. What is a person? 6. The specialization of contemporary intellectual research has affected the queen of wonder too. Hegel, for instance, was well known for his three-steps dialectic: thesis-antithesis-synthesis (although he never used these expressions). What is the difference between knowing something and just believing it? His research focuses on metaphysics, ethics, and philosophy of biology. In studying the history of philosophy one explores the ideas of such historical figures as: What often motivates the study of philosophy is not merely the answers or arguments themselves but whether or not the arguments are good and the answers are true. As an academic discipline philosophy is much the same. And it ends in wonder too, when philosophical taught has done its best – as A.N. Whitehead once suggested. Thus, philosophical questions arise in almost every discipline. It does not matter which topic comes under discussion and what we make of it; philosophy is about the stance we take towards it. As used originally by the ancient Greeks, the term \"philosophy\" meant the pursuit of knowledge for its own sake, and comprised ALL areas of speculative thought, including the arts, sciences and religion. Nowadays most philosophers are found in the academic world. This is why philosophy also encompasses such areas as: Department of Philosophy To make such a pursuit more systematic academic philosophy is traditionally divided into major areas of study. Where philosophy has not done damages, it nonetheless at times spread false ideas and spurred useless debates. Quite literally, the term "philosophy" means, "love of wisdom." Tracie Mahaffeyphiloadvising@admin.fsu.edu850-645-2985, Director of Graduate StudiesJames "Jack" Justusjjustus@fsu.edu850-644-1483, © Florida State University Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation. Monday - Friday Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. What is good? What is it for one event to cause another? What makes a person the same through time? What constitutes "good" or "bad" reasoning? It is primarily concerned with what we can know about the world and how we can know it. Do people have minds? Traditional questions include the following: How can we know that the ordinary physical objects around us are real (as opposed to dreamed, or hallucinated, as in the Matrix)? Those who study philosophy are perpetually engaged in asking, answering, and arguing for their answers to life’s most basic questions. Philosophy and world view are two terms that have to be understood with precision as there is a difference between them. In metaphysics philosophers wrestle with such questions as: 1. Analogously, systematic philosophers have key principles around which to structure a worldview. How do we determine whether a given piece of reasoning is good or bad. Moreover, many of the questions and issues in the various areas of philosophy overlap and in some cases even converge. Rooms are organized according to basic criteria: Keys stay in the basket, Clothing should never be scattered unless in use, All books should sit on the shelves unless in use. 5. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c. 570 – 495 BCE). What makes actions or people good? Do people have minds? Literally, it means “love of wisdom.” But, really, philosophy begins in wonder.