The transplant is carried out to the final field when the seedlings have reached 25-30 cm in height, preferably in the rainy season. Today it is a rare species in natural forests. Swietenia Macrophylla is used to treat Diabetes Mellitus. Wood borers (Platypus cylindrus) is another economically important pest of mahogany. Mahogany Tree – Plantation, Growth, Price, Uses, Income. It is used in the manufacture of furniture, musical instruments, interior decoration, moldings, veneers, panels and cabinetmaking in general. ]. The inner bark is reddish or pink, fibrous and astringent, easily visible through the heavily fissured outer bark. This wood is used for the manufacture of boats, pieces of agro-industrial equipment, instruments, furniture and fine joinery, veneers and cabinets. You may ask and answer a query. It is one of three species that yields genuine mahogany timber (Swietenia), the others being Swietenia mahagoni and Swietenia humilis. The cracked bark, smooth in texture and gray when young, is scaly with dark tones in mature trees. The larva of this insect causes the highest percentage of damage in nurseries and young plants, limiting the establishment of commercial plantations. Pérez Vela, J. M. (2017) Manual for the Cultivation of Mahogany. Deutsch: Amerikanischer Mahagoni English: Big Leaf Mahogany Esperanto: Grandfolia svitenio español: Caoba de hoja grande suomi: Amerikanaitomahonki português: Mogno-do-Brasil Swietenia macrophylla, Hypsipyla robusta, shade, attack, damage, recovery INTRODUCTION Swietenia macrophylla (Family: Meliaceae, Sub-family: Swietenoideae) is one of the premier cabinet wood in Sri Lanka with a long tradition of commercial use. The flight of this insect reaches just 2-2.5 m in height, so the plague affects only the first years. It is native to South America, Mexico and Central America, but naturalized in the Philippines, Singapore and Hawaii, and cultivated in plantations and wind-breaks elsewhere. The main symptoms are the presence of brown spots with a yellowish halo around them. The bark of the plant is Astringent, Febrifuge and Bitter. Thesis S162e). The ramifications begin at a certain height, ascending and curving from 25 m in height. The reddish-brown-mahogany wood is firm, hard and heavy with fine grains and homogeneous veins. Swietenia macrophylla it is a deciduous perennial tree species that can reach 35-50 m up to 70 m in height. Many Meliaceae grown in Sri Lanka including S. macrophylla are susceptible to an Reforestation Manual: Traditional Timber Species. In Central America it is distributed naturally in southern Mexico, the Yucatan Peninsula, Belize, the Atlantic coast of Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, Costa Rica, the Pacific coast of Panama and Colombia, in Venezuela and the Peruvian, Brazilian and Bolivian Amazon . Swietenia macrophylla It is a species of timber plant belonging to the Meliaceae family, native to the Mesoamerican intertropical regions. It grows in various topographical conditions, from flat terrain to areas with steep and unstable slopes, on soil of various textures, but with good drainage. National Institute of Forests. The bark of mahogany contains a high percentage of tannins commonly used for tanning and dyeing leather. The specific epithet macrophylla refers to large leaves, which is derived from the Greek "makros" meaning "large" and "phyllon" meaning "leaf". It develops best in soils of calcareous or alluvial origin, deep and not very swampy, with well-drained slopes. Mahogany Sustained Harvesting (, Swietenia macrophylla (2019) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. It is Antibacterial, Antioxidant, Antifungal and Antiprotozoal. It is characterized by the stem covered with a gray rough split bark, and pinnate and compound green leaves. Originating from tropical America, Swietenia macrophylla was introduced into Asia, the Pacific and Africa. Known as mahogany, it is a very valuable tree, being of vital importance in the forest production of many Latin American countries. Do you know this herb by any other name ? Description. CATIE, Turrialba (Costa Rica). The dense wood is of medium weight, it is reasonably durable, but it is not considered suitable for applications in contact with the ground. In addition, the wood is used for the production of firm and good quality mangoes and agricultural implements. 2017. It seasons well, without much checking or distortion. Estimation of the potential for management of mahogany seeds (Swietenia macrophylla King) in three indigenous communities of Purús, Ucayali, Peru (No. From mahogany a wood with fine finishes, workability and durability is obtained, being considered the best wood for cabinetmaking. Seed tea has a bitter, astringent taste that relieves toothache. Mahogany. Regarding diseases, the one with the highest incidence in mahogany is smallpox (Cercospora sp.) Do you suffer from any Liver or Kidney Disorder ? The establishment of the plantation is done through seeds collected directly from the trees when they spontaneously open. Only consume the inner seed. As well as on the Atlantic coast in Central America, Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru and the western region of Brazil. The highest incidence of this pest occurs in monocultures, so it is recommended to carry out mixed plantations to reduce its harmful effect. In the first years of growth it is convenient to carry out maintenance pruning in order to build the structure of the tree. They are found all over various parts of Singapore. Sky fruit is commonly used as herbal remedy. The wood and the fruit of the mahogany are used to make artisan articles due to its easy malleability and turning. Mahogany is a large tree that often reaches 20-40 m in height and 150-350 cm in diameter. Your Query - This is a community service. Control should focus on the cultural management of the crop, with chemical control being effective in the first stages of infection. An infusion of the bark is used to treat Diarrhea and Fever. An infusion of the bark is used to treat Diarrhea and Fever. Regarding water requirements, it tolerates abundant rainfall and short dry periods, in a range of 1,500-4,200 mm per year. As the infection matures, the stain turns gray and acquires a fine, brittle texture. Environment Division. During the stay in the nursery, continuous irrigation, weeding and control of pests and diseases are required. Likewise, in Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Virgin Islands, Trinidad and Tobago, India and various tropical countries, either in closed plantations or open fields. As well as a diameter at chest height between 1-2 m up to 3.5 m in favorable conditions. This species hybridizes with S. Macrophylla and S. Mahagoni. Is there any negative effect on liver & kidney. By indigenous culture it is known by the autochthonous names of kanak-ché, mahonii, maccochuc-quiui, punab, rosadillo, tsulsul, tzopilo-cuahuitl, venadillo or zopílotl. ]. The bark of the plant is Astringent, Febrifuge and Bitter. Center for Research, Education and Agroforestry Production (CEPIAGRY). The alternate and paripinnate leaves 15-40 cm long are grouped in terminal position of 3-6 pairs of opposite leaflets. The wood of mahogany is solid, firm and heavy brown, reddish or wine red, characteristic of the mahogany color.Wood has high industrial and commercial value in cabinetmaking, due to its fine and smooth grain, excellent workability and fine carving. Its natural habitat is tropical evergreen, deciduous and sub-deciduous forests and gallery forests, along streams and slopes. Unlike most fruits, which hang downward, sky fruit hangs upward and its stalk points to the sky. At two years of age, the plants reach 5-7 m in height, being convenient to associate the plantation with short-cycle agricultural crops. In this period, frequent fertilization based on soil analysis will favor the productive quality of the species. The borer moth of the meliaceae (Hypsipyla grandella) is the most important pest that affects young shoots, fruits and seeds. Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics. scientifically name is “Swietenia macrophylla but there are three type of species are- Swietenia macrophylla, Swietenia mahogany and Swietenia humilis. Uses: Sky fruit is the fruit of mahogany tree (Known as – Swietenia Macrophylla) that grows in the majority of Asian countries. Hydrographic Basin of the Panama Canal. The tree is formed by a long and firm cylindrical trunk, crowned … Among the elaborated pieces, toys, musical instruments or handicrafts are obtained; the nuts are used as a complement to the pieces of wood. When the plants have reached 10-15 cm in height they must adapt to the environmental conditions placing them in full sun exposure. Snook, L. K. (1999). 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