It can be defined as the mechanism to perform particular functions in time and space. Institutions are the organs of society and shape it in the way in which they are interrelated. Hospitals provide heath facility to the community. An institution is specifically established for fixed social needs. Institutions unite people and groups. Ideas, habits, attitudes and feelings being the parts of personality develop in various social institutions in which the individual lives. Power and authority and status and role are produced and enforced by the political institutions. Society is the combination of individuals. It is this forces which keeps the functioning and the body itself normal, stabilized and maintains equilibrium. Following are the Basic Functions of Social Institution. It is an organised way of doing something. Social control institutions for solving social problems of society and personality. According to another’s point of view “It is an interrelated set of norms”, or an established machinery to satisfy needs of human beings. The examples are schools and madrassas, offices, majids, churches, family, economy and politics. These individuals have their various needs which they want to be satisfied. Educational institutions provide different techniques and ways of living for the people. 2. An institution cannot function alone without cooperation and association of other institutions. This store of culture remains dead if not transmitted with a change. This dependence among them is called organization. The religious institutions’ products are rituals, values, beliefs and ceremonies. This mutual relationship among the social institutions is social structure called “Tangency of Institutions”. 4. Every institution performs some functions—manifest and latent both. Self is an essential part of human personality and is produced within the institution of family. Material goods and services are produced and distributed by economic institutions. They maintain unity and harmony in so­ciety by providing unified patterns of behaviour that is followed by all members despite diversities. An institution cannot function alone without cooperation and association of other institutions. Generally, the following are the functions of social institution in societies of the world. But this dependence among the institutions tie them together in the bond of mutual relationship. Human race is reproduced in family. The instit… He learns norms of social life only in the institutions. But this dependence among the institutions tie them together in the bond of mutual relationship. Replacement of members in society; Recruiting and guiding new member; Production, disbursement and consumption of goods and services; Preservation and; Awareness and establishing a sense of purpose; We can Classify Institution as. However, it is likely that there be some common or overlapping social institutions, each with its relevant set of functions, which vary somewhat depending on social values, moral standards, and level of civilization. It is a social process and depends upon the institutions which socialize it. The main aim of human Societies is to maintain control and order. When we talk of societal processes we take society in action, while we discuss norms individuals are not taken into consideration but their shared expectations are given priority. The institutions shape personalities of the individuals. Family; Education; Religion; Economy; Politics and Government When such norms are interrelated and crystallized pertaining to relatively limited activities of mankind at one time and a given space it becomes a social institution. They are the standardised solutions to collective problems. Following are the Basic Functions of Social Institution, people behave in a customary way which is controlled by norms, It is formed by the group activities controlled by an interrelated set of norms, Social Processes Meaning and Types Associative & Disassociative, Factors of Socio-Cultural Changes: Sociology Notes, What is Process of Socialization in Sociology …, Mores in Sociology, Meaning, Definition and Examples, Production, disbursement and consumption of goods and services, Awareness and establishing a sense of purpose. The mosque, the bus journey, the marriage customs, the labor service and the administration of the public affairs, all are transmitting institutions of cultural traits. This process goes on through the institutions because man lives in them. The main aim of human Societies is to maintain control and order. Self is also a social product and not a biological trait. It is formed by the group activities controlled by an interrelated set of norms while the group activities have inherent purpose of action that is to satisfy human needs. The two main economic systems are Capitalism and Socialism. A child born to an Indian or Pakistani family if socialized in America will display American personality traits in him after 1 to 10 years of life. Social stratification, class division, the inequality to power and resources also differ between each institution. All the institutions are embodiments of cultural configuration. Every institution is established for the fulfillment of a special purpose. The social structure which is organized and in order, creates social solidarity and stability in society and the government Political institutions, specially are assigned this function of social order and control. It means social institutions fulfill fixed needs of the people and continue their respective aims. The institutions when organized together create the condition of control and order among the societies. This aim can be achieved by creating an organization among the institutions. Pak-Arab Fertilizer Factory, Multan provides fertilizer to the peasants. Institutions are important means, by which social behaviour can be regulated and controlled. This order and control has its relationship with social solidarity. The religious institutions help us in the normative social life of a religion. This dependence among them is called organization. 1. Personality develops in the institutions which socialize it. Malinowski defines institution as “a group of people united by common interest, endowed by material equipment, following rules of their tradition or agreement (charter) and contributing to the work of culture as a whole.”, According to Bertrand “institutions are system of social relationships for meeting various felt human needs.”, Another definition given by Maciver and Page they consider institution as “an established forms or the condition of a procedure.”‘, Another person Merrill defines institution as “the interrelated system of norms.”. Socialization. The process of transmission is completed by formal and informal education through various social institutions. The structure of an institution can be understood by understanding the force of human relationships. 3. Manifest functions are those which are easy to recognise as part of the institution and …