With the death of Charles II, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs, on 1 November 1700, the throne passed to Duke Philip of Anjou, although the Emperor Leopold I also had a claim. The Kingdom of Sardiniaor Piedmont-Sardinia is a faction in Napoleon: Total War. Mattone, A. [1], Juan Francisco Pacheco, Duque de Uceda and Conde de Montalbán, Fernando de Moncada Aragón la Cerda y Gaetano, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kingdom_of_Sardinia_(1700–1720)&oldid=908068349, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Leopold was especially desirous of obtaining the Spanish inheritance in the Southern Netherlands and in Italy, which included Sardinia. The Spanish governors of Sardinia were initially loyal to the Bourbons, and a pro-Habsburg revolt was suppressed. In 1852, a liberal ministry under Count Camillo Benso di Cavour was installed and the Kingdom of Sardinia became the engine driving Italian unification. [1][10], After awaiting favorable winds at Majorca, the Spanish fleet under the Marquis de Lede sailed to Cagliari, where it arrived on 25 July. The Kingdom of Sar… The Kingdom of Sardinia, also referred to as Kingdom of Savoy-Sardinia, Piedmont-Sardinia, or Savoy-Piedmont-Sardinia during the Savoyard period, was a state in Southern Europe from the early 14th until the mid-19th century. Kingdom of Arborea. [3] Before he could do so, the viceroy, "having secured the honours of war",[3] put up a white flag, "after which the mob took possession of the gates, and delivered them up to us". Mauro Piras, 5 May 2009. Kingdom of Sardinia | Russell Jesse | ISBN: 9785508620486 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. [11] The island's major centres, such as Sassari and Alghero, fell within two months, and the whole island was under Spanish control by November. By the Treaty of the Hague (1720), Spain and the Empire recognised the re-allotment of Sicily to the Habsburgs and Sardinia to Savoy. In March 1848 King Charles Albert promulgated a new constitution for Piedmont-Sardinia, the Statuto Albertino (q.v. It was given to the House of Habsburg.They were eventually forced to give it to the House of Savoy.Since the House of Savoy also ruled Piedmont, the Kingdom was sometimes referred to as Sardinia-Piedmont.The Savoy family ruled from 1720 till 1861 when Italy officially united itself. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. See also Savoy, house of. As part of this arrangement, Sardinia received its own councillor (consejero de capa y espada) and two regents, who would derive their salary from the island's income (other Spanish states' councillors were given a salary by the central government). Since the House of Savoy also ruled Piedmont, the Kingdom was sometimes referred to as Sardinia-Piedmont. Neither house possessed their island kingdom for long: Spain re-conquered Sardinia in 1717 and Sicily the next year. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Kingdom of Sardinia is generally very passive, and rarely attacks other factions. José de Silva y Meneses, Marqués de Villasor and Conde de Montesanto, was the first councillor for Sardinia. Leopold was especially desirous of obtaining the Spanish inheritance in the … Two years later, on Aug. 24, 1720, he formally took possession; from that time until 1861 he and his successors were known as kings of Sardinia, though the seat of their power and wealth and their customary residence was in Piedmont. [12], Alberoni ordered the Marquis de Lede to recruit Sards for an army with which to invade Sicily. Flag of “Rennu de Arborea” or “Judicau de Arborea” (Kingdom of Arborea) is at Italian wikipedia. [1] A strong supporter of Philip V, Vicente Bacallar, who believed the Bourbon Louis XIV of France the ideal monarch, was governor of Gallura and Cagliari in the east of the island at the time. [3], After the pro-Habsburg takeover, the Conde de Cifuentes (also Marqués de Alconzel), who had arrived with the British fleet, was installed as viceroy and captain-general, and the Spanish troops were left under his command while Wills and the British soldiers re-embarked. This page was last edited on 27 July 2019, at 06:32. When the viceroy tried to postpone a response until the morning by claiming that it was too late to assemble his government, the British " judged it best to keep on the fright and cause no delay", bombarding the city with 120 shells. Most factions are fairly neutral to it, but the Kingdom of Italy, Great Britain, and particularly France harbor heavy diplomatic hostilities against it. The Sardinian secretary and officials took over some of the work load of the Neapolitan secretariate. At the end of the war, a series of treaties—Utrecht (1713), Rastatt (1714) and Baden (1714)—transferred the Spanish-held kingdoms of Sardinia and Naples to the Habsburg emperor, now Charles VI. From 1700 to 1720, the Kingdom of Sardinia, as a part of the Spanish empire, was disputed between two dynasties, the Habsburgs and the Bourbons. The commander Juan Francisco Pacheco, Duque de Uceda and Conde de Montalbán, passed on information to the British under Norris, who were prepared for the attempted landing at Terranova and Castelsardo in June. For the kingdom of Sardinia the first secretary was Francisco Ibáñez de Aoyz, of Aragon, assisted by four officials: José Gutiérrez de Lara, from Madrid; Felipe Gallart, a Catalan; Bartolomé Quadrado, a Castilian; and Luciano Ortiz, an Aragonese. The Sardinian secretary made less than those of the other realms, only 6,000 florins a year. The Austrians were to give support to Charles' partisans on the island, while the British fleet went on to Cagliari, the capital of Sardinia, where it anchored in the afternoon of August 11 or 12. Sardinia is an island in the Mediterranean Sea located between Corsica and Sicily. The Kingdom of Sardinia was a state in Europe from the early 14th until the mid-19th century. The Kingdom of Sardinia, also referred to as Kingdom of Savoy-Sardinia, Piedmont-Sardinia, or Savoy-Piedmont-Sardinia during the Savoyard period, was a state in Southern Europe from the early 14th until the mid-19th century. After a short and disastrous renewal of the war with Austria in 1849, Charles Albert abdicated on 23 March 1849 in favour of his son Victor Emmanuel II. Black Friday Sale! In 1708, with the help of Britain's Mediterranean Fleet, the island was conquered for the Habsburgs. In 1706, two brothers, the Conde de Cifuentes and the Conde de Montesanto, led a revolt in favour of the Habsburg claimant, the Emperor's son, the Archduke Charles of Austria (the future Charles VI, who was called "Charles III" of Spain), who was widely supported by the natives of Gallura. At the end of this period it passed out of the Spanish sphere permanently. [10] On 27 December, Charles was forced to acknowledge the loss of Sardinia, its revenues and the jobs of those employed in its bureaucracy. During the Middle Ages the island was mostly divided in various smaller entities called Judicates. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Kingdom of Sardinia was a monarchy that ruled the Italian island of Sardinia.It was established in 1324. Charles Albert’s son, Victor Emmanuel II, became the first king of unified Italy. For more information see English wikipedia. [1] The Sicilian expedition failed, and Spain in the ensuing negotiations gave up its claim on Sardinia and recognised Austria's right in the Treaty of the Hague. [7], On 8 March 1714, Charles formed a department of internal affairs (negociación) for each of the former Spanish realms—Sardinia, Naples, Milan and the Southern Netherlands—within the Habsburg Council of State for Spain. Corrections? León Sanz, Virginia. The player is prompted to blockade its port, forcing it to sue for peace. He then surrendered. He suppressed the revolt, but the viceroy, the Marqués de Jamaica, ignored his advice to exile the ringleaders. [6] The persons appointed to these positions were generally exiled Spaniards. Nonetheless in the quest for national leadership this northwestern kingdom enjoyed some advantages. Through the entire period from 1700 until 1720 Sardinia remained formally attached to the Spanish crown. Omissions? Updates? They were eventually forced to give it to the House of Savoy. [5], On 29 December 1713, Charles formed the Supreme Council of Spain (Consejo Supremo de España) in Vienna to govern those domains he still retained of the former Spanish empire. The fleet went off to capture Minorca. [4] According to Norris, the city was "much stronger than Barcelona ... with 87 brass cannon mounted". With the death of Charles II, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs, on 1 November 1700, the throne passed to Duke Philip of Anjou (Philip V), although the Emperor Leopold I also had a claim. Forged by the dukes of Savoy who in 1720 acquired the island of Sardinia and the title of king, their capital Turin, at the opening of the nineteenth century was more French than Italian. In 1324 the Aragonese Prince Alfonso occupied Sardinia and became the first King of Sardinia.