[58] It has become a popular cookout dish, and there are even some pizza restaurants that specialize in the style. Fuhggedaboutit", "Linguistic Wonders Series: Pizza is a German(ic) Word", "Associazione Verace Pizza Napoletana (AVPN)", European Union: Pizza napoletana obtains "Traditional Speciality Guaranteed" status, "Naples' pizza twirling wins Unesco 'intangible' status", "A Stone-Age Snack : History: Pizza topped with tomatoes, pepperoni and cheese is only 100 years old, if that. [74], Frequent pizza eaters in Italy have been found to have a relatively low incidence of cardiovascular disease[75] and digestive tract cancers[76] relative to infrequent pizza eaters, although the nature of the association between pizza and such perceived benefits is unclear. Then, when pizza was developed in Naples, Italy, during the late 18th century, fish remained a common topping on Italian food. Of the three different pizzas he created, the Queen strongly preferred a pizza swathed in the colors of the Italian flag — red (tomato), green (basil), and white (mozzarella). [82] During this time, some people observe National Pizza Month by consuming various types of pizzas or pizza slices, or going to various pizzerias. [36], Dipping sauce specifically for pizza was invented by American pizza chain Papa John's Pizza in 1984 and has since become popular when eating pizza, especially the crust. In 1997, it was estimated that annual production of pizza cheese was 1 million metric tons (1,100,000 short tons) in the U.S. and 100,000 metric tons (110,000 short tons) in Europe. Dome-shaped pizza ovens have been used for centuries,[33] which is one way to achieve true heat distribution in a wood-fired pizza oven. The pizza was named "Ottavia" in homage to the first Roman emperor Octavian Augustus, and was made with a gluten-free base. [35] Pizza dough often contains sugar, both to help its yeast rise and enhance browning of the crust. Ancient Romans topped their flatbreads with garum, a ubiquitous condiment made of fermented fish parts, and fish was one of the toppings for pizza when the dish was first developed, in … Most restaurants still use standard and purpose-built pizza preparation tables. We have pizza ovens in both our house in Umbria, Italy as well as our house in Florida and enjoy making our own pizza at home at least once a week. [1] A small pizza is sometimes called a pizzetta. [56], Grilled pizza was offered in the United States at the Al Forno restaurant in Providence, Rhode Island[57] by owners Johanne Killeen and George Germon in 1980. Methods have been developed to overcome challenges such as preventing the sauce from combining with the dough and producing a crust that can be frozen and reheated without becoming rigid. [2][3] In casual settings, however, it is cut into wedges to be eaten while held in the hand. It can be found in nearly every corner of the country; Buenos Aires is considered the city with the most pizza bars by person of the world. [38] Eventually, other cheeses were used well as pizza ingredients, particularly Italian cheeses including provolone, pecorino romano, ricotta, and scamorza. The pizza is wood fire-baked, and is topped with onion puree, white truffle paste, fontina cheese, baby mozzarella, pancetta, cep mushrooms, freshly picked wild mizuna lettuce, and fresh shavings of a rare Italian white truffle. [40] Other traditional pizzas include pizza alla marinara, which is topped with marinara sauce and is supposedly the most ancient tomato-topped pizza,[41] [68], In 2017, the world pizza market was $128 billion, and in the US it was $44 billion spread over 76,000 pizzerias. [34], Pizzas baking in a traditional wood-fired brick oven, A pizza baked in a wood-fired oven, being removed with a wooden peel, A cooked pizza served at a New York pizzeria, The bottom of the pizza, called the "crust", may vary widely according to style, thin as in a typical hand-tossed Neapolitan pizza or thick as in a deep-dish Chicago-style. Anchovies are one of the most controversial pizza toppings available. [29] Following World War II, veterans returning from the Italian Campaign, who were introduced to Italy's native cuisine, proved a ready market for pizza in particular.[30]. Some grocery stores sell fresh dough along with sauce and basic ingredients, to complete at home before baking in an oven. 13% of the United States population consumes pizza on any given day. In the 6th century BC, the Persian soldiers of Achaemenid Empire during the rule King Darius I baked flatbreads with cheese and dates on top of their battle shields[19][20] and the ancient Greeks supplemented their bread with oils, herbs, and cheese. [24] Prior to that time, flatbread was often topped with ingredients such as garlic, salt, lard, and cheese. Pizzerias nowadays can even opt for hi tech pizza preparation tables that combine mass production elements with traditional techniques. Some good combinations to consider include anchovies and eggplant, anchovies and peppers, and anchovies and mushrooms. [31] When made at home, it can be baked on a pizza stone in a regular oven to reproduce the effect of a brick oven. Pizza sticks may be prepared with pizza dough and pizza ingredients, in which the dough is shaped into stick forms, sauce and toppings are added, and it is then baked. The most popular variety of pizza is called "muzzarella" (mozzarella), similar to Neapolitan pizza (bread, tomato sauce and cheese) but made with a thicker "media masa" crust, triple cheese and tomato sauce, usually also with olives. [27], Pizza was brought to the United States with Italian immigrants in the late nineteenth century[28] and first appeared in areas where Italian immigrants concentrated. ", "A Slice of History: Pizza Through the Ages", "Pizza Physics: Why Brick Ovens Bake The Perfect Italian-Style Pie", "How Dipping Sauce for Pizza Became Oddly Necessary", "Torino: la riscoperta della pizza al padellino", "Pizza al padellino (o tegamino): che cos'è? [50] Pizza chains such as Domino's Pizza, Pizza Hut, and Papa John's, pizzas from take and bake pizzerias, and chilled or frozen pizzas from supermarkets make pizza readily available nationwide. Pizza is sold fresh or frozen, and whole or as portion-size slices or pieces. [76], Some attribute the apparent health benefits of pizza to the lycopene content in pizza sauce,[77] which research indicates likely plays a role in protecting against cardiovascular disease and various cancers. A wrapped, mass-produced frozen pizza to be cooked at home. In Book VII, Aeneas and his men are served a meal that includes round cakes (like pita bread) topped with cooked vegetables. There are frozen pizzas with raw ingredients and self-rising crusts. A person who makes pizza is known as a pizzaiolo. [72] There are concerns about negative health effects. [18] Records of people adding other ingredients to bread to make it more flavorful can be found throughout ancient history. [54] Toppings may be sliced thin to ensure that they heat through, and chunkier toppings such as sausage or peppers may be precooked before being placed on the pizza. Supposedly, this kind of pizza was then named after the Queen,[25] although later research cast doubt on this legend. Anchovies’ ties to pizza, though, go back to the beginning. When they eat the bread, they realize that these are the "tables" prophesied by Celaeno.[23]. Fermented fish parts were first used as a spread on Ancient Roman flatbread. According to PMQ in 2018 60.47% of respondents reported an increase in sales over the previous year. [57] Another Providence establishment, Bob & Timmy's Grilled Pizza, was featured in a Providence-themed episode of the Travel Channel's Man v. Food Nation in 2011.[60]. Additionally, a pizza was made by the restaurateur Domenico Crolla that included toppings such as sunblush-tomato sauce, Scottish smoked salmon, medallions of venison, edible gold, lobster marinated in cognac, and champagne-soaked caviar. No matter the occasion, it’s always a little more special when you go the extra mile to treat your guests with a catering service. [69] Overall, 13% of the U.S. population aged 2 years and over consumed pizza on any given day. It is traditionally plain, but may also be seasoned with garlic or herbs, or stuffed with cheese. [32] Aficionado home-chefs sometimes use a specialty wood-fired pizza oven, usually installed outdoors. [4][11], Foods similar to pizza have been made since the Neolithic Age. Argentina, and more specifically Buenos Aires, received a massive Italian immigration at the turn of the 19th century. pizza capricciosa, which is prepared with mozzarella cheese, baked ham, mushroom, artichoke, and tomato,[42] and pizza pugliese, prepared with tomato, mozzarella, and onions. The practice of putting anchovies on pizza dates back more than 2000 years. On deck ovens, pizza can be slid into the oven on a long paddle, called a peel, and baked directly on the hot bricks or baked on a screen (a round metal grate, typically aluminum).