The Native Sisterhood made it a national political issue in Canada, and sparked the more famous native-rights activism in Alaska during the 1940s. c. 1930. There is an ice crossing from Deline to the winter road on the far side of the Great Bear River. The area on the north shore of Sahtu (Great Bear Lake) has been the site of radium mining from 1934 to 1939, then a uranium mine from 1943 to 1962 and as a silver mine from 1962 to 1982. For 150 years, uranium has little commercial value and no strategic importance. Port Radium is a mining area on the eastern shore of Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada. Located in the western margins of the Red Lake mining district on … It explores for mineral properties in the Red Lake District in Ontario, Canada. In 1936, the government facilities were rechristened Port Radium to glorify the nature of the nearby mining operations. Radium is used to make dials glow in the dark, and to shrink malignant tumors. The name Port Radium did not come into use until 1936 and at the time it was in reference to the region as a whole. 1898 to 1925 : But by 1934 all the important deposits had been staked and activity died down. It is mined in Czechoslovakia, England, France, Russia and the Colorado Plateau (USA). June 1942 : [3] At that time, Cameron Bay had a population of 30. Gilbert LaBine discovers radium at Great Bear Lake in northern Canada. At Cameron Bay, the government established a post office, a government office, and a radio station. March 1942 : Marie Curie and her husband Pierre discover that uranium ore also contains two hitherto unidentified elements, radium and polonium, each millions of times more radioactive (per gram) than uranium. [citation needed]A report was released in 2005 challenging the link between uranium mining and cancer at Port Radium. English: A miner hauling a car of silver and radium ore, 340 feet below the surface, at the Eldorado Mine of Great Bear Lake. Cameron Bay remained abandoned, but later in the 1960s Branson's Lodge built a fishing lodge on the site. However, when asked to refine the Staten Island concentrates on a priority basis, Eldorado interrupts its delivery of Canadian uranium to the US and begins to process the Congolese uranium instead. The case faded in Port Radium itself after the closing of the Eldorado Mine, however, and did not return to the forefront until the 1980s, when some former mine workers developed health problems that were said to have been due to radium toxicity, a result of their failure to receive radioactivity protection coats containing lead. By mining rich deposits in the Congo, a Belgian company drives the price of radium down to about $75,000 per gram, forcing its competitors out of business and achieving a world monopoly. His company was Eldorado Mining and Refining Limited, then known as Eldorado Gold Mines Limited. Marie Curie and her husband Pierre discover that uranium ore also contains two hitherto unidentified elements, radium and polonium, each millions of times more radioactive (per gram) than uranium. From this point on, uranium from the Congo, refined at Port Hope, will dominate the Manhattan Project. the bulk of the uranium is enriched for use as a nuclear explosive in the Hiroshima bomb; The sites include the Silver Bear Mines (including the Terra, Northrim, Norex and Graham Vein, and Smallwood sites), Contact Lake Mine, El Bonanza/Bonanza Mine, and Sawmill Bay. Radium and silver were mined from Great Bear Lake until the Second World War, when labour shortages and decreased demand forced the mines to close by 1940. Great Bear Lake is probably the last fresh water lakes in the world. It is used as a colouring agent in pottery and glass. Great Bear Resources Ltd is a gold exploration company. The Eldorado Mine became the only remaining operation in the Port Radium area after 1942. In secrecy, Canadian Minister of War C. D. Howe decides to nationalize Eldorado, making the mining-and-refining company the exclusive property of the Canadian government. The U.S. Army orders another 500 tons of uranium from Eldorado, before deliveries on the earlier, 350-ton contract have been completed. Port Radium, Canada (1938) - on Newspapers.com", http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/uranium-exposure-insufficient-to-cause-cancer-in-deline-workers-report-1.551235, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Port_Radium&oldid=990153379, Mining communities in the Northwest Territories, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 02:46. July 1942 : Uranium from Canada, Colorado, and the Congo is used in the World War II Atom Bomb Project: [ Nuclear Weapons ] [ Plutonium Imports ], [ Canada's Nuclear History ] [ COMPLETE CCNR DIRECTORY ], ore concentrates are carried in cloth bags, radium researchers and members of the public, the bulk of the uranium is enriched for use as a nuclear explosive in the, a large amount of uranium is used as metallic fuel for the world's. Across Great Bear Lake from the 533-person hamlet of Délı̨nę sits the historic mining site of Port Radium. Again, miners are sent into poorly ventilated areas where they receive high radon exposures. The Great Bear Lake Remediation Project consists of multiple smaller-scale mining and exploration properties, which are now abandoned and the responsibility of the Government of Canada. By mining rich deposits in the Congo, a Belgian company drives the price of radium down to about $75,000 per gram, forcing its competitors out of business and achieving a world monopoly. Uranium from Canada, Colorado, and the Congo is used in the World War II Atom Bomb Project: