Although his criminal exploits were just as extensive and occurred during the same time period as Jack the Ripper, the Arch Fiend—as Holmes was known—has not more, Leonid Brezhnev, one of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev’s most trusted proteges, is selected as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet—the Soviet equivalent to the presidency. On May 7, 1945, Gen. Alfred Jodl signs the surrender of all German forces in Rheims, France. As a result, May 8 was declared Victory in Europe (VE) Day, a holiday still celebrated by many European … He was later granted a pardon, posthumously, in 1953, after a German appeals court found him not guilty of breaking international law. Cooper grew up on the ranch owned by his wealthy father, a Montana Supreme Court Justice. Alfred Jodl, who was wounded in the assassination attempt on Hitler on July 20, 1944, would be found guilty of war crimes (which included the shooting of hostages) at Nuremberg and hanged on October 16, 1946. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. But General Dwight Eisenhower demanded complete surrender of all German forces, those fighting in the East as well as in the West. Although at the time of the surrender virtually all of Germany was under Allied control, German forces still occupied western Netherlands, Denmark, much of Norway, as well as western and central Czechoslovakia. Initially, following instructions from Grand Adm. Karl Donitz, Hitler’s successor, Jodl offered to surrender all forces fighting the Western Allies. So with Russian General Ivan Susloparov and French General Francois Sevez signing as witnesses, and General Walter Bedell Smith, Ike’s chief of staff, signing for the Allied Expeditionary Force, Germany was-at least on paper-defeated. Though not one of the conspirators, Jodl had been injured in the assassination attempt on Hitler in 1944. Eisenhower told Jodl that he would order western lines closed to German soldiers, thus forcing them to surrender to the advancing Soviets on the Eastern Front. But the war in the West was over. This was another important step in Brezhnev’s rise to power in Russia, a rise that he later more, On May 7, 1998, the German automobile company Daimler-Benz–maker of the world-famous luxury car brand Mercedes-Benz–announces a $36 billion merger with the United States-based Chrysler Corporation. The iconic more, On the afternoon of May 7, 1915, the British ocean liner Lusitania is torpedoed without warning by a German submarine off the south coast of Ireland. Fighting would still go on in the East for almost another day. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander, threatened to break off negotiations unless the Germans agreed to a complete unconditional surrender to all the Allies on all fronts. He is flanked by Wilhelm Oxenius (left) of the Luftwaffe and Hans-Georg von Friedeburg, representing Germany’s navy. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. If this demand was not met, Eisenhower was prepared to seal off the Western front, preventing Germans from fleeing to the West in order to surrender, thereby leaving them in the hands of the enveloping Soviet forces. On May 7, 1902, Martinique’s Mount Pelée begins the deadliest volcanic eruption of the 20th century. Mount Pelée, the name meaning bald in French, was a more, Dr. H. H. Holmes, one of America’s first well-known serial killers, is hanged to death in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This happened four months after the official armistice in Europe and two days after the unconditional surrender of Japan. On May 7, 1945, the German High Command, in the person of General Alfred Jodl, signs the unconditional surrender of all German forces, East … The last German troops of WWII to put down their arms surrendered to a group of Norwegian seal hunters on the remote Bear Island in the Barents Sea on September 4th, 1945. At first, General Jodl hoped to limit the terms of German surrender to only those forces still fighting the Western Allies.