But we can’t say I see they (<– that’s a nominative pronoun!). Ich kaufe den Apfel → Ich kaufe ihn(I buy the apple / ‘him’ [it])Ich höre das Mäuschen → Ich höre es (I hear the little mouse / it)Ich sehe die Blume → Ich sehesie(I see the flower → I see ‘her’ [it]). Here are our same 3 example sentences from above, but with the gendered pronouns (‘it’) (bolded) now! Now, look at these German examples of this two-part rule in play (accusative is italicized): NOTE: if you don’t understand why there are different versions of the word ‘the’, read my Der Die Das guide! If that suddenly makes your blood run cold (it’s 5th English class all over again … RUN! Jemand muss ihn ihr weggenommen haben. She has only found her father’s hat, not hers. There are a handful of ways that German pronouns are trickier than English ones. These exercises require you to recognize and supply dative pronouns. ( Ihr is dative, Maus is accusative.) Now, look at this accusative case snippet of what I call the All-In-One Declensions Chart: The -n, -s, -e strong declensions listed in the chart snippet are the same last letters we see on the accusative pronouns ihn, es, sie, and sie. That's why we are using "dich" and not "du". Frank likes his dog. Now, you’re ready to talk about the difference between nominative and accusative pronouns (that’s why you’re here after all!). Accusative Case – Declension of Pronouns in German Grammar, Declension Table: German Pronouns in Accusative, Overview of the Genitive, Dative and Accusative. If you’ve read my overview guide on Personal Pronouns, you know that pronouns are little words that replace nouns or entire noun phrases, e.g. For example, if it’s the direct object, it will change to den (Accusative case). © 2020 German with Laura | All Rights Reserved | Privacy, 1711 Kings Way Onawa, IA 51040 | (603) 303-8842 | email@example.com, German pronouns are trickier than English ones, some particular (<– read: memorizable) verbs, adjectives, and prepositions require that the following noun be in the, First, fill up the nominative ‘slot’ with your subject noun / pronoun, the various ways to say ‘you’ (compared to just our 1 way in English! durch, für, gegen, ohne, um Example: (Ihr is dative, Maus is accusative.) The nominative and accusative are identical for fem and neut. ), you’re not alone. The accusative case is used to mark the direct object of the sentence. And both languages use them the same way (to replace names, nouns, and noun phrases). The accusative case also will change the pronouns so let‘s have a look at how certain pronouns change when used together with the accusative case. With Lingolia Plus you can access 11 additional exercises about Accusative, as well as 843 online exercises to improve your German. ), for example: Hopefully, nominative case pronouns are making sense. But, to speak German, we have to learn how to make the distinction between accusative & dative. Good News: for the most part, English & German pronouns are more similar than different. The accusative case, also the accusative object or direct object, follows certain verbs and prepositions.It is used for the thing or person receiving the direct action of a verb. Ich höre das Mäuschen — I hear the little mouse. Ohne ihn will sie nicht aus dem Haus gehen. How would we take those same four examples, but replace the accusative nouns (e.g. German, however, splits the ‘object’ pronouns into TWO groups: accusative (‘direct object’) pronouns and dative (‘indirect object’ pronouns). But of course, we couldn’t get off quite that easily! But German has a masculine ‘it’, a feminine ‘it’, and a neuter ‘it’. But that still leaves us with these points: Using accusative pronouns to talk about people — her, him, them, etc. The good thing here is that most of the pronouns behave in the same way as the articles, so we already know how to use the accusative of most of them. If it makes sense, then you know if you’re using the correct category of pronoun. ), the masculine, feminine, and neuter versions of ‘it’ (read below! Personal Pronouns And The Accusative Case. Look again at the 3rd Person Singular section of the personal pronouns table and take special note of the very last letter on each pronoun: 3rd person singular, masculine: ihn3rd person singular, neuter: es3rd person singular, feminine: sie. The most important slot — that gets filled up first — is the nominative. Every pronoun can take the nominative or any of the other cases. OK, all of that is not so bad! German Sentence Structure . Except for the masculine gender, endings in the Accusative case are exactly similar to those in the nominative case. The accusative case is the second of four cases in German. Dative pronouns. Exercises Example : Ich sehe dich , aber du siehst mich nicht. Frank has a dog. The table provides an overview of personl and possessive pronouns in the accusative case. English has ‘object’ pronouns (me, you, him, her, it, us, you [all], them that you saw above) that get used for BOTH the accusative AND dative cases. They are being seen or heard (by the subject!). In this case it is second person singular pronoun "dich". Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). after certain verbs (accusative object), e. g. as the direct object in sentences with more than one object, Pronomen Akkusativ – Personalpronomen (1), Pronomen Akkusativ – Personalpronomen (2), Pronomen Akkusativ – Personalpronomen (3), Pronomen Akkusativ – Personalpronomen (4), Pronomen Akkusativ – Possessivbegleiter (maskulin), Pronomen Akkusativ – Possessivbegleiter (feminin), Pronomen Akkusativ – Possessivbegleiter (neutral), Pronomen Akkusativ – Possessivbegleiter (Plural), Pronomen Akkusativ – Possessivbegleiter (gemischt 1), Pronomen Akkusativ – Possessivbegleiter (gemischt 2), Pronomen Akkusativ – Possessivpronomen als Begleiter/Ersatz. apple, mouse, etc.) The first noun is the subject (nominative case) and then we default to the next noun being a direct object (accusative case). Only the masculine possessive pronouns differ from the nominative. I buy an apple. This is the part of the pronouns chart we’re talking about: Look at the examples again with their ‘person’ labels so you can see how it relates to the table: Ich kaufe den Apfel → Ich kaufe ihn (<– 3rd person singular, masculine)Ich höre das Mäuschen → Ich höre es (<– 3rd person singular, neuter)Ich sehe die Frau → Ich sehe sie (<– 3rd person singular, feminine). Without the preposition zur (zu + der), you would write the sentence as follows: Ich gebe der Katze die Maus. This means that if you’re replacing a masculine noun object with a pronoun, the pronoun also has to be masculine. Ich gebe sie der Katze. For example, when a personal pronoun comes after a preposition or a verb that takes the accusative, it will also be in the accusative. Examples: Ich mag dich. We already talked above about the difference between accusative & dative pronouns and general points on when to use which. In English, we would refer to all of them as ‘it’. You can see this difference between English & German laid out in this graphic: So, in English we have just the one set of ‘object’ pronouns that covers both the accusative & dative cases (which, in English, are collectively called the objective case). In German, just as with English, we can replace the subject and direct object with pronouns in order to reduce repetition. Got it. Not to mention that remembering the various ‘it’ pronouns (not just in the accusative case, but in the nominative & dative, too) can feel pretty hard at first. Most personal pronouns in the accusative have a different form from the nominative, but some stay the same.